Pelvic Floor Health

The pelvic floor muscles are located between the pubic bone and the tail bone, supporting the bowel, bladder, uterus and vagina. If the pelvic floor muscles are weakened or damaged, the pelvic organs are no longer properly supported. This may lead to loss of control over the passing of urine, faeces and wind.

Common causes of pelvic floor damage in women include, pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, obesity and chronic constipation. Pelvic floor exercises are designed to prevent damage and help improve muscle tone.

Signs and symptoms of a weak pelvic floor might include;

  • leaking small amounts of urine with exertion eg. when laughing, coughing or during exercise
  • frequent and/or urgent need to pass urine
  • inability to control the passing of wind when lifting or bending
  • reduced sensation in the vagina
  • pain in the pelvic region, genitals or rectum

For more information and support services;

Pelvic Floor First

Continence Foundation of Australia

Jean Hailes for Women’s Health 

Better Health Channel

Queensland Government – Queensland Health 

Fact sheets