Bladder cancer is when abnormal cells in the bladder grow and divide in an uncontrolled way.
There are different types of bladder cancer:
- urothelial carcinoma, formally known as transitional cell carcinoma, is the most common form of bladder cancer (80-90%) and starts in the urothelial cells in the bladder wall’s innermost layer
- squamous cell carcinoma begins in the thin, flat cells that line the bladder
- adenocarcinoma is a rare form which starts in mucus-producing cells in the bladder.
The most common symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine and is generally not associated with pain. Other symptoms include:
- problems emptying the bladder
- a burning feeling when passing urine
- need to pass urine often
- blood in urine
- lower abdominal or back pain.
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