Uterine Cancer

There are two main types of uterine cancer. Endometrial cancers begin in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) and account for about 95% of all cases; and uterine sarcomas, which develop in the muscle tissue (myometrium), and is a rarer form of uterine cancer.

Also called cancer of the uterus, it is the most diagnosed gynaecological cancer in Australia.

Unusual vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom of uterine cancer. particularly any bleeding after menopause. Some women experience a watery discharge, which may have an offensive smell. less common symptoms include unexplained weight loss, difficulty urinating, or abdominal pain.

Cancer Council Australia – Uterine Cancer

Vaginal Cancer

Vaginal cancer is cancer that starts in the vagina. Cancer that has spread to the vagina from another site in the body is known as secondary vaginal cancer.

Vaginal cancer is one of the rarest types of cancer affecting the female reproductive system. Each year in Australia, about 70 women are diagnosed with vaginal cancer.

There are often no obvious signs of vaginal cancer, however symptoms may include:

  • pain in the pelvic area or rectum
  • a lump in the vagina
  • blood in the urine
  • bloody vaginal discharge not related to a menstrual period
  • pain during or bleeding after sexual intercourse.

Cancer Council Australia – Vaginal Cancer

Vulvar Cancer

Vulvar cancer is a cancer that occurs in any part of the external female genitals. It most commonly develops in the labia minora (inner lips), the labia majora (outer lips), and the perineum (skin between the vagina and the anus).

It most commonly affects women who have gone through menopause, however vulvar cancer can also occur in younger women.

Symptoms of vulvar cancer may include:

  • itching, burning and soreness or pain in the vulva
  • a lump, sore, swelling or wart-like growth on the vulva
  • thickened, raised skin patches in the vulva (may be red, white or dark brown)
  • a mole on the vulva that changes shape or colour
  • blood, pus or other discharge coming from a lesion or sore spot in the vulva
  • hard or swollen lymph nodes in the groin area.

Cancer Council Australia – Vulvar Cancer

Australian Gynaecological Foundation

The Royal Women’s Hospital

Factsheets