There are two main types of uterine cancer. Endometrial cancers begin in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) and account for about 95% of all cases; and uterine sarcomas, which develop in the muscle tissue (myometrium), and is a rarer form of uterine cancer.
Also called cancer of the uterus, it is the most diagnosed gynaecological cancer in Australia.
Unusual vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom of uterine cancer. particularly any bleeding after menopause. Some women experience a watery discharge, which may have an offensive smell. less common symptoms include unexplained weight loss, difficulty urinating, or abdominal pain.
Vulvar cancer is a cancer that occurs in any part of the external female genitals. It most commonly develops in the labia minora (inner lips), the labia majora (outer lips), and the perineum (skin between the vagina and the anus).
It most commonly affects women who have gone through menopause, however vulvar cancer can also occur in younger women.
Symptoms of vulvar cancer may include:
itching, burning and soreness or pain in the vulva
a lump, sore, swelling or wart-like growth on the vulva
thickened, raised skin patches in the vulva (may be red, white or dark brown)
a mole on the vulva that changes shape or colour
blood, pus or other discharge coming from a lesion or sore spot in the vulva
While Women's Health Matters takes all care to ensure that the information provided is up to date, we provide this information on the assumption that people accessing it will take responsibility for assessing its relevance and accuracy. Women are encouraged to discuss their health needs with a health practitioner. If you have concerns about your health, you should seek advice from your health care provider or if you require urgent care you should go to the nearest Emergency Department.