different types of contraception


Contraception are methods of birth control with the aim to prevent pregnancy. Pregnancy can occur if a sperm reaches an egg. Contraception prevents this from happening by:

  • keeping the egg and sperm apart
  • stopping egg production
  • stopping the combined sperm and egg (fertilised egg) attaching to the lining of the womb.

In the ACT, there are 14 methods you can choose from depending on what suits you best.

Barrier methods, such as condoms (internal and external) are the only form of contraception that also help protect against contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Besides abstinence, the best combined way of protecting yourself and your partner from STIs and prevent pregnancy, is to use the condom with another form of contraception.

The 14 methods of contraception

Don’t be put off if the first type of contraception you try isn’t quite right – you can try another:

  • Emergency contraceptive pill (the “morning after pill” or “plan B”)
  • Combined oral contraceptive pill
  • Progestogen-only pill
  • Hormonal intrauterine device (Mirena®)
  • Copper intrauterine device
  • Contraceptive implant/rod (Implanon®)
  • Contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera®)
  • Contraceptive vaginal ring (NuvaRing®)
  • Diaphragm
  • Internal (female) condom
  • External (male) condom
  • Natural family planning

There are two permanent methods of contraception:

  • Female sterilisation
  • Male sterilisation (vasectomy)

To read about the different contraceptive methods see ACTeenChoices: Your contraception choices.

Where to get contraception

See ACTeenChoices: Where to get contraception to find your ACT local service provider of your preferred contraception.

Cost of contraception

To find out the cost of each contraceptive type in the ACT, see ACTeenChoices: Cost of contraception.

For more information

See the Sexual Health and Family Planning ACT information brochures of contraception locally available.

For contraceptive information in different languages see Family Planning NSW: Fact sheets in community languages.

Fact sheets